sustainable livelihood approach pdf

The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. In this paper, we propose a latent class multivariate trajectory model, which is applied to 31 European countries by considering a set of economic, environmental and social indicators in the period 2000-2016. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organisations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. It traces the development of modern museums in the colonial period, up to the present and notes the problems and associated difficulties attached to the effective management and funding of museums in Nigeria. patterns have changed in the last 20 years; to assess access and management of mopane resources under different tenure types; and, to explore mopane worm use in the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework. For the purpose of clarity, this paper highlights the historical antecedents of museums in Nigeria with a view to helping in the understanding of museum as a concept and that it is not alien to indigenous African societies before the advent of the Europeans. <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> Within the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework, the following findings were The sustainable livelihoods approach encourages thinking out of the box. 0000005091 00000 n While there is a degree of spontaneous adaptation occurring, these problems are insurmountable without solving present challenges in Kiribati, such as access to better technology and markets without becoming over-reliant. The high availability of labour from family of the harvesters Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. This project sheds light on sundry related aspects. It represents an important shift away from the focus on project inputs and outputs, and the assumed mechanical links between them. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Land tenure type was found to be the primary determinant of resource management and access regimes in the harvesting areas. Specific objectives were to determine the The objective of this study was to assess the impact of using the C. calothyrsus and S. sesban on family income and livelihoods during the 16-month trial period. Additional interviews were conducted with traders at ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. 0000005586 00000 n This book comprehensively covers topics in knowledge management and competence in strategy development, management techniques, collaboration mechanisms, knowledge sharing and learning, and knowledg. grant projects, and technical assistance amounting to $243 million. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The SLA is inherently associated with poverty reduction measures and environmental management [51,52]. The sustainable livelihoods approach is only one way of organizing the complex issues that surround poverty. Paper presented at the Sustainable Livelihoods Seminar on 'Private Sector and Enterprise Development', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. markets in Thohoyandou, Makhado, Malamulele, Giyani and Elim in the Vhembe and Small island developing states such as Kiribati in the Equatorial Pacific are among the most climate vulnerable places on Earth. They grant or deny access to assets. Vulnerability also means less sense of safety due to external environmental pressures and uncertain risks of households and communities. The findings revealed a high level of awareness about the existence of Museums among the people and a low level of patronage for leisure and tourism purposes, which implies poor appreciation of its social and health benefits. The ‘Sustainable Livelihoods Approach’ (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organizations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. 0000043888 00000 n contribution of mopane worm harvesting to rural livelihoods, and the effects of Farms were visited every 1-2 months during the trial to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during the previous day. household consumption and traded for income generation. The findings show that all the vulnerability in Southern Region of Kelantan verified through the aspects of vulnerability economic, social / physical and environmental except three items are EK10 (from economic construct), SF1 (from the social/physical construct) and AS1 (from the environmental construct) are eliminated due to lower factor loading values. Main factor vulnerability of economic is loss of main sources of income. An anthology of videos, the evolving ADB Sustainable Development Timeline catalogs major sector and thematic landmarks in ADB's operations since 1966. data and included semi-structured household and key informant interviews. The extensive use of quotes by respected experts juxtaposed with relevant research to counterpoint or lend weight to key concepts; “cheat sheets” that simplify access and reference to individual articles; as well as the grouping of many of the topics under recurrent themes make this book unique. Natural disaster such as floods also can affect households income and activities especially households who do agriculture activities as a main job. Use of the sustainable livelihoods concept in development studies The concept of sustainable livelihoods can be usefully applied in development studies, given that it contributes to understanding individuals’ livelihoods and has mainly been utilized for poverty … 0000002587 00000 n Even if this approach is generally adopted in the literature, several authors have pointed out that productivity does not properly measure sustainability (e.g., [1]), motivating a line of research trying to account for the externalities and the social value of Agriculture in the computation of productivity (see, for example, [3]). Figure 1. This project sheds light on how libraries can, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. economic issues, food security, etc.). 0000009740 00000 n startxref and then forms strategies based on the most positive experiences of the past. xref change which have affected mopane worm availability and how consumption and trade The findings of this research can inform policy and climate change adaptation measures in other similar atoll islands in the Pacific. CARE’s Livelihood Model Figure 4. 0000107380 00000 n The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-. the “landscape approach”—seeing the need to look beyond individual stands to the larger landscapes in terms of sustainable management, planning, ecosystem services, etc. This can be attributed to the fisherfolk's level of participation and perceived lack of influence in decision-making, the absence of alternative livelihoods and the questionable ecological effectiveness of the closed season. Chapter 3 paints the take advantage of these, and extend safety nets for those who still cannot achieve their livelihood objectives in a competitive environment. The study found that the solar water heaters had a variety of socio-economic impacts such as providing additional monetary savings that could be used towards livelihood strategies and benefits allowing households to spend more time on productive activities. Average feeding costs significantly decreased across all groups over the trial period. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. work by DN and DMI has highlighted the links between levels of livelihood security and levels of vulnerability to disasters. Zwigodini, and Mphambo in Vhembe district and Nkomo village in Mopani district in the The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. Various factors have contributed to the vulnerability of household's lower income group. The limited availability of mopane worms presented a key constraint for the The variables for the vulnerability factor were obtained from sources of previous studies and through pre-test and pilot test conducted on field work against respondents in the Southern Region of Kelantan, as well as some of the variables were derived from the results of discussions with stakeholders in the Southern Region of Kelantan, the Board South Kelantan Development Authority or better known as KESEDAR. The implications of the findings relate to improving coastal governance and as well as the need to reduce illegal fishing practises. The early part of the paper draws considerably on the work which has been co-ordinated and documented by the DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Support Office, and also the DFID Natural Resource Advisors' Conference (1998) which ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the. 0000002622 00000 n Therefore, it calls for a new style of policy appraisal that moves from, universalprescriptionstocontext-specicapproachesthatallowalternative,. humandignity,betweenwhichtheremayagainalsobeconict. 0000111157 00000 n There was a KES 2,380.3 (USD 23.5) increase in average monthly profit/cow in the nutrition group comparing the first and last 6 months of the trial, representing a 68.8% improvement (p = 0.02). Mopane districts, Limpopo Province. 0000002735 00000 n Underplays elements of the vulnerability context, Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels, of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro- and, Assumes that capital assets can be expanded in generalized, Acknowledges the need to move beyond narrow sectoral, perspectives and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors, Doesnotpayenoughattentiontoinequalitiesofpower, Callsforinvestigationoftherelationshipsbetweendifferent, activities that constitute livelihoods and draws attention to, Underplays the fact that enhancing the livelihoods of one group. resulted from family-level and community-wide participation strengthened the social You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. Knowledge Solutions are handy, quick reference guides to tools, methods, and approaches that propel development forward and, enhance its effects. Partial budget analysis of their farms was done by comparing changes in average monthly profits (from milk) and feeding costs/cow for the first 6 months and last 6 months of the intervention. Structures are, the public and private sector organizations that set and implement policy and legislation; deliver services; and. ADB encourages printing or copying, information exclusively for personal and noncommercial use with. Household consumption and trade patterns were altered as a result of the weather and climatic conditions shock arising from the El Niño phenomenon. It helps formulate development, • Conductedinpartnershipwiththepublicandprivatesectors, for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a, panacea. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a relatively new approach developed to address the failure of previous approaches to community development. The South African government has implemented a solar water heater initiative into the Reconstruction and Development Programme, a programme established by the African National Congress government to construct low cost housing for previously disadvantaged citizens. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. 0000012538 00000 n A sustainable livelihood approach attempts to take a holistic perspective in determining problems and opportunities for programme activities. sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. e capture and storage. The significance of mopane worms in the study area is three-fold: it is an important source of food, it is a valuable trading commodity, and it is an intrinsic part of local cultural practices. 0000004818 00000 n CARE’s programming principles for livelihood projects Figure 5. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. The sustainable livelihoods approach incorporates a … Recently, several challenging objectives besides productivity compatible with the sustainable livelihood framework, ... Efforts here are being made to ensure that museums and archives are accessible and develop their audiences further for other local service providers to be able to use their resources to reach out effectively to everybody in the society. Physical and financial capital were found to have greatest threat to Omar et al, 2012; ... Omar et al, 2012;Serrat, 2008;DFID, 1999 AS2 Flood threats in placement household area Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013;Serrat, 2008 AS3 Threat to plant / livestock disease attack on crop production / livestock. Households with the lowest 40 percent income (B40) in the Southern Region of Kelantan are faced with multi-dimensions of vulnerability that cause them to be exposed to uncertain risks and jeopardize their lives. In southern Africa, mopane worms are widely harvested for 0000004307 00000 n 0000008710 00000 n This book is a valuable resource for those working in the public, private, and third sectors, both in industrialized and developing countries; it will be of interest in academia too, for instance in Master of Business Administration programs around the world. In order to ascertain the community’s perception and attitudes towards the technology, statistical analyses were performed. environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. 0000003678 00000 n 0000006923 00000 n current significance and contribution of mopane worm harvesting and trading to rural However, multiple outcomes analysis is challenging due to not only methodological issues, but alsoquality and availability of time series data. Figure: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat, All content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat on Sep 30, 2014, is Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Key W, {Excerpt} e sustainable livelihoods approa, help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to s, e sustainable livelihoods approach facilitat, based on the views and interests of those concerned but they ar, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or int, makes the connection between people and the over, social networks, access to physical and nancial res, is article was rst published by the Asian Development Bank (. Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). The results support the effectiveness of our approach by clearly identifying four groups of countries with emblematic characteristics of the agricultural systems: mature and sustainable, mature but with weak social sustainability, developing withand without clear sustainable objectives. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members—48 from the, region. The purpose of this study is to confirm the vulnerability factor of B40 household's income group in Southern Region of Kelantan. sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). Limpopo Province, South Africa. dfid-sustainable-livelihoods-guidance-sheet-section1.pdf (PDF, 123kb) section2.pdf (PDF, 236kb) section3.pdf (PDF, 164kb) section4-1.pdf (PDF, 174kb) section4-2.pdf (PDF, 154kb) section5.pdf (PDF, 123kb) livelihoods; to gauge the perceptions of harvesters and traders on forms of environmental Livelihood strategies and outcomes are not just dependent on access to capital assets or constrained by the, vulnerability context; they are also transformed by the environment of structures and processes. TheVulnerability Context frames the external environment in which people exist. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. They are offered as resources to ADB staff. The research was conducted in the villages of Bokmakierie, Matiyani, Ha Gumbu, Masisi, The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. Applications A detailed investigation of the living conditions of the target population is the starting point of a development project based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Knowledge on dairy cow nutrition, level of confidence on calf management, and feeling of empowerment to raise calves/heifers to achieve first calving by 27 months were higher among farmers in the nutrition and combined groups than farmers in the other groups. For centuries, nontimber forest products have been key aspects of household diets throughout the world. investigations should be undertaken to determine the status of mopane worm populations; improved cooperation between traditional leaders, harvesters and local government is suggested as an option for management of the communal harvesting areas; the interplay between access, land tenure and harvesting requires further research. Museums have been established as a veritable instrument for a virile tourism industry because of advantages inherent in them. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. While there is a considerable body of literature on the scale of the problem, there is very little research on the lived experiences of communities, their concerns and priorities, and how they are coping with environmental and climate hazards. 0000007869 00000 n 82 0 obj <>stream Appreciative inquiry is a, highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the nega-, tive) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information. Ensuring livelihood security is an integral part of a sustainable approach to disaster mitigation, but livelihood support is largely ignored in …

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